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Omega 3 rich diet during pregnancy reduces risk of type 1 diabetes in children

Pregnant or lactating mothers should include omega 3 foods, such as fish, in their diets to lower children’s risk of type 1 diabetes, according to new research published in Diabetologia journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

The study suggests that omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), derived primarily from fish in maternal diet during  pregnancy or lactation, may help protect infants at high risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D).

This means that increasing the intake of fish-derived fatty acids and the duration of breastfeeding may have beneficial effects by reducing the autoimmune responses that lead to T1D.


More than 20 million people worldwide are affected by Type 1 Diabetes, an autoimmune disease in which the immune system turns on the body and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

Joanna Lewis